Posts Tagged ‘Alternative Music’
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Women playing bata have been prohibited from playing these sacred drums. It is said that this was not always the case. With the introduction of Los Reglas de Ocha, or The rules of priesthood, came the introduction of the Ceremony of Ana, or introducing the drums and drummers to the spirit of the the Dead or the spirit of Music, depending upon who you talk to . the purpose was to make the act of playing to Orisha a sacred act. Several Prohibitions were also introduced at this time; the prohibition of using non-consecrated drums in ceremony, the prohibition of non-priests playing in ceremony and most notably, the prohibition of women playing the Bata drums.
|As defined earlier, Orisha Music is that music sang to the deities of the Yoruba based religions of Ifa. There are hundreds of Orisha; however, in the Western Hemisphere we work with primarily fifteen Orisha. The seven primary Orisha also known as the Seven African Powers are Eshu, Ogun, Oshun, Yemoya, Obatala, Shango and Oya. Orisha Music is specific to an Orisha and there is a litany of songs for each Orisha.|
|Overt expressions of African religions were suppressed in the United States. Cultural markers such as language, African names and drumming were prohibited, under penalty of death. In spite of this, Yoruba culture and influence is seen and preserved in the African American churches. The spiritual and musical influence of the Yoruba heritage is seen in the call and response style of singing, the congregate style of worship, the institution of “The Mothers” as moderators of social behavior and the honoring of ancestors in ceremonial context.
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|Orisha Music is the music that is sung to the deities of the Yoruba religion called Ifa. The Yoruba were brought to the Americas during the transport of slaves from West African during the European slave trade. The Yoruba people come from what is now the Country of Nigeria, however, linguists believe the Yoruba migrated from Egypt to West African several hundred years ago spreading their religious and cultural heritage through the vast regions of West Africa.Yoruba people were brought to the Islands of Cuba and the eastern seaboard of the United States. It is estimated that 85% of African Americans are descendants of the people brought from Yoruba Land.|